Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary

GLOSSARY

BOD5: Biochemical Oxygen Demand. A standard test performed at a constant temperature and during an incubation period of five days. It is measured by the difference in Dissolved Oxygen (DO) before and after the incubation period.

CDP: An international non-profit organization that analyzes and recognizes the efforts of companies to manage the environmental impacts of their activities.

CERFLOR: Brazilian Forest Certification Program. CERFLOR forest management certification attests that the enterprise conducts forest management in accordance with environmental, social, and economic requirements. Standards were developed by the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT) and application of the certificate is managed by the National Institute of Metrology (Inmetro).

COD: Chemical Oxygen Demand. An indispensable parameter in studies of sanitary sewage and industrial effluent. It evaluates the amount of dissolved oxygen (DO) consumed in an acidic medium that leads to the degradation of organic matter.

COP26: The Conference of the Parties is part of 3an international treaty established by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It is the ultimate decision-making authority in relation to efforts to control greenhouse gas emissions. COP26 will be the 26th Conference and will be held from November 1-12, 2021, in Glasgow, Scotland.

CSI: The Corporate Sustainability Index is a tool for comparative analysis of the performance of companies listed on the Stock Exchange (B3) from the point of view of corporate sustainability, based on economic efficiency, environmental balance, social justice, and corporate governance. It also broadens the understanding of companies and groups committed to sustainability, differentiating them in terms of quality, level of commitment to sustainable development, equality, transparency and accountability, product nature, and business performance in economic, financial, social, environmental and climate change dimensions.

EBITDA: Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization is a financial indicator that represents the company’s operating cash generation, disregarding financial and tax impacts.

Ecophysiology: The branch of comparative physiology that studies physiological diversity in relation to the environment and its impact on the ecology of organisms.

Foex Index: price index for the main types of pulp, paper and scrap traded in Europe, pulp and newspaper traded in the USA, and for the types of pulp traded in China. Foex Indexes Ltd is a privately held company in Finland.

Fossil fuels: non-renewable resources burned to produce energy. They are formed by the decomposition of organic material over thousands or millions of years. Oil, coal and natural gas are examples of fossil fuels which, due to the emission of greenhouse gases, have a large impact on the environment.

FSC: Forest Stewardship Council – an independent, non-governmental, non-profit organization created to promote responsible forest management around the world. Through its certification system, the FSC seal recognizes responsible production of forest products, allowing consumers and companies to make informed purchasing decisions, benefiting people and the environment, as well as adding value to the business.

GDPR: General Data Protection Regulation – rules increasing privacy for Internet users.

GHG: Greenhouse gases are those that absorb part of the sun’s rays and redistribute them in the form of radiation into the atmosphere, warming the planet in a phenomenon called the greenhouse effect. Carbon Dioxide (CO2); Methane (CH4); hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs), used in aerosols and refrigerators, are examples.

Global Compact: a United Nations initiative to engage companies and organizations in the adoption of ten universal principles in the areas of Human Rights, Labor, the Environment, and Anti-Corruption Measures, to develop actions to face the challenges of society.

GRI Standards: Standards developed by the international and non-profit organization Global Reporting Initiative to guide companies, governments and other organizations in understanding and communicating the impact of their business related to critical sustainability topics such as climate change, human rights, and anti-corruption measures. In the Essential version, the information necessary to understand the nature of the organization, its material themes and impacts is disclosed. In the Comprehensive version, the company should more extensively disclose its impacts and all specific disclosure items for each material theme covered by the Standards.

Hearts and Minds: a methodology that represents the maturity of occupational safety for a company.

Hotspot: area with at least 1,500 endemic species (which only exist in that region) and which has already lost more than thre-quarters of its original vegetation.

IEC 62443: the global standard for the safety of industrial control systems in the field of operational technologies. The standard was created by the International Automation Society (ISA).

IFC: International Finance Corporation. A global development institution focused on the private sector in developing countries. A member of the World Bank Group.

Industry 4.0: a term used to refer to the fourth wave of the industrial revolution, in which digital technologies and the Internet of Things are applied to manufacturing. In this scenario, for example, machines are digitally interconnected within a single system, allowing the monitoring of processes in real time to make better decisions. 

IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Created by the United Nations Environment Program (UN Environment) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), it provides policymakers with regular scientific assessments on climate change, the implications, and possible future risks, and proposes policy adaptation and harm mitigation options.

ISO 14001: a standard that specifies Environmental Management System requirements and allows an organization to develop a framework for environmental protection and rapid response to changing environmental conditions. It considers environmental aspects influenced by the organization and others that can be controlled by it.

ISO 50001:2018: a standard that specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and improving an energy management system (EMS). The intended result is to enable an organization to follow a systematic approach to achieving continuous improvement in energy performance and EMS.

IUCN: The International Union for Conservation of Nature is a civil organization dedicated to nature conservation which created the Red List of Endangered Species, the largest catalog on the conservation status of plant, animal, fungal and protozoa species around the planet.

Key Risk Indicators (KRIs): indicators of the main risks a company is exposed to. The metrics that companies use to verify what the potential for exposure to a given risk is.

KSDGs: short-, medium- and long-term objectives set by Klabin that will accompany its growth strategy, in line with the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals.

LGPD: General Data Protection Act (Law No. 13,709/2018). Generally speaking, it governs activities involving the use of personal data by individuals or legal entities to protect the fundamental rights of freedom and privacy.

Lignin: a complex organic polymer that binds cellulosic fibers, increasing the rigidity of the plant cell wall. With cellulose, it constitutes most of the wood in trees and shrubs.

Material themes: themes that reflect the organization’s most significant economic, environmental, or social impacts, or that substantially influence stakeholder assessments or decisions.

MFC: Microfibrillated Pulp, a natural and renewable raw material, uniform and highly crystalline obtained by the process of mechanical and/or chemo-mechanical fibrillation of pulp, which disintegrates the cell wall in wood and modifies its structural and surface properties, as well as its dimensions. Used in paper, paint, cosmetics, and fabrics.

Packaging School: An American post-secondary educational institution that aims to promote a bridge between academia and industry through partnerships with companies, specialists, and associations.

PDCA Cycle: Plan, Do, Check and Act, A management method used for the control and continuous improvement of processes and for the solution of problems in companies. This method is typically used to troubleshoot problems that are not easily visualized.

PNHR: Private Natural Heritage Reserve is a category of private conservation unit (CU) to preserve biological diversity. The creation of this CU does not affect the ownership of the property. In addition to contributing to the expansion of protected areas in the country, the Reserves help in the protection of Brazilian biodiversity.

Race to zero: a global campaign that brings together leaders from countries, cities, businesses, investors, and civil society committed to zeroing net greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

Roadmap: a visual and descriptive methodology that shows what a specific product or project will look like in each period of its development.

SBT: Science Based Target. The initiative establishes methodologies to help companies draw up an emissions reduction target in line with climate science and sustainable economic development. It is a collaboration between the CDP, the United Nations Global Compact, the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). 

SDGs: Sustainable Development Goals. Listed by the United Nations (UN), the objectives are a universal call to action against poverty, in favor of the protection of the planet and to guarantee that all people have peace and prosperity. The 17 goals provide all countries with clear guidelines and goals to adopt in line with their priorities and environmental challenges across the globe. Its full reach requires the partnership of governments and the private sector with civil society and ordinary citizens to ensure that we will leave future generations a better planet. Learn more here.

SPI: Social Progress Index. Methodology that measures the quality of life of a territory, independently of economic development.

Spott Timber & Pulp: an English international organization that evaluates the best environmental, social, and corporate governance practices for the timber and pulp industries.

Stakeholders: any individual or organization that in some way impacts and is impacted by the actions of a particular company. For Klabin, its stakeholders are employees, customers, suppliers, regulatory bodies, certifiers, public agencies, educational institutions, the press, unions, civil entities, social organizations, and communities surrounding its operations. 

Tall oil: by-product of pulp production, obtained from the separation of tall oil soap from burned black liquor. It generates steam and electricity.

Taxonomic: the process that describes the diversity of living beings.

TCFD: Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures. Brings together several organizations to developing a common standard for companies to measure and disclose financial risks related to climate.

Turnover: Turnover rate of employees in an organization over a period.

Water body: generic name for any water source; water course, river stretch, artificial or natural reservoir, lake, lagoon, or underground aquifer.